NUL in a string
Recently there was a discussion in R7RS list whether we should support NUL character in a string (AFAIK, the resolution is that an implementation is allowed not to support NUL char in a string, but it's ok to support it.) One of the primary concern is the interoperability between NUL-terminated string representation of the foreign libraries; it can cause security problem such as http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/news/2012/10/12/poisoned-NUL-byte-vulnerability/
Gauche had the same problem and I recently fixed it (commit abca7b2). I addressed it on the C calling interface, where I had two choices---either I'd throw an error when Scm_GetStringConst was applied to a Scheme string containing NUL, or keep the existing function as it was and provide an additional function that checks it.
The former would make the check exhaustive, but there's a possibility that it would break existing code that intentionally passes a character array containing NUL in middle of it. As an old-type C programmer I had written such code---sometimes as an ad-hoc way to passing a struct to
ioctl, but I do remember there was a weird API that took an array of strings as "each string is separated by NUL byte, and the end of the array is marked by two consecutive NUL bytes".
So I chose the latter---I added a new 'safe' version of converting strings, and changed a bunch of system call functions to use the safe version.
Today I stumbled upon Peter Bex's article Lessons learned from NUL byte bugs and it makes me change my mind. The case that I need to pass a char array with NUL in middle is much, much rarer than passing C strings, and even if there's a case, we can provide a special API for those rare cases, while making the default API safe.
The fix can break backward compatibility but I expect it's very unlikely. If you know your code passes a character array with NUL as a string, let me know.